The Supreme Court judge and the chief of courts who participated in the National Court Superintendents Meeting called on President Rhee on July 30th, under the guidance of the Supreme Court judges. President Rhee met with them and encouraged them.
Visit of Khokhlov to Korea
Invited by the Asian People’s Anti-Communist League, Nicholai Khokhlov visited Korea on July 30th. He is a former high-ranking officer and a spy for the Soviet Union. He left the Soviet Union in 1954 and came to the free world in order to become a fervent anti-communist supporter.
Khokhlov gave a lecture in the Sigong Theater on August 2nd. The venue was packed with people who came to listen to his stories from his days as a top level spy agent in the Soviet Union. Audience members lined up outside the hall hear him talk about his view that ferocious Communists will soon collapse.
Visit of by Koreans living in America
A group of five Korean residents currently living in the United States arrived in Korea on July 29th. They left Korea half a century ago so they did not get to experience the independence of their fatherland. On behalf of the Korean residents in America, they will attend a ceremony that will be held on August 15th to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the establishment of the Korean government. Their names are Nam Jeong-yeon, Han Baek-seon, Yang Hee-jeong, Song Ma-ri and Seon Wu-gyeong.
Antique Art Exhibition
A Korean Antique Exhibition will be held on August 15th at the Deoksugung Palace Museum in order to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the National Foundation. Surrounded by piles of artwork, exhibition committee members including Go Hee-ryong are busily preparing for the event.
Zoo in summer
We visited animals at the Changgyeongwon Zoo in the mid-summer heat. A white polar bear from the Arctic was struggling with the hot weather, while an ostrich with slender legs and a equally slender neck was in good shape because it is used to the heat. Camels that usually live in the desert looked like they were enduring the heat, but nimble monkeys were climbing up and down the trees because they were having a hard time dealing with the high temperatures. Finally, the big turtle that was brought here after being caught in early July off the coast of Buan-gun, Jeollabuk-do, stretches five ja (30.3 centimeters) and weighs 210 guen (0.6 kilos). It was moving in an unfamiliar tank, longing for vast seas.
Road paving work is under way in Seoul, the capital of the Republic of Korea. The Seoul City government and the OEC are renovating and repairing the busiest streets downtown, from Dongdaemun to Seodaemun, with asphalt. Workers sweat as they carry loads of bricks on their A-frames under the boiling hot summer sun. Thanks to their dedicated work, the capital city of Seoul will be transformed into an even more attractive place.
Overseas news from Universal Pictures Company
The British Army stationed in Jordan is ready to fight in order to combat subversive forces that are trying to overthrow King Hussein of Jordan. Aircrafts from the British Royal Air Force and two thousand parachute troops are on guard around Amman, the capital city of Jordan. Now, the tension in the Middle East seems to be over as the chance of further escalation is slim. However, the bloody battle between Western forces and the Soviet army is worsening in spite of the summit meeting. Meanwhile, the British Army stationed in Jordan, another fraught area of the Middle East, is receiving economic support from the United States and it does not appear to be considering a withdrawal until the situation has stabilized. Although the opposition is instigating anti-Western revolts, particularly through broadcasts, Jordan is still slowly regaining stability.
Air balloon travel
Hot air balloons, the oldest aircrafts in the history of flight, are being used for space exploration. In Crosby, Minnesota, the U.S. Navy’s modern “strato-balloon” has been completed and it is ready for launch. Operated by two pilots, the balloon will reach extreme heights in the stratosphere. Pilots wearing emergency oxygen masks are scheduled to make a record in the stratosphere, where they can fly freely in order to carry out research about various aspects of space while still breathing sea-level atmosphere air.
A boat that crossed the Atlantic
One of the more interesting news stories this week is about a boat has just completed a trans-Atlantic journey from the Copenhagen port to the New York harbor Stretching 22 ja in length, the boat covered 3,400 miles in 11 days. It was closely guarded by a Swedish freighter named Clary Thorden . Over the course of the trip, the boat’s sailors encountered five storms that forced them to take shelter aboard the cargo ship. Undertaken at a speed of 17 nautical miles per hour, the voyage was a difficult yet historical one because it marks the first time that a small motorboat has successfully sailed across the Atlantic.
The world’s largest airship flew over the skies of Akron, Ohio. This giant airship, the largest one ever built, is equipped with a tank capable of holding 1.5 million cubic feet of gas. Another one of the ship’s notable features is its radar antenna, which holds the honor of being the largest one ever mounted on an airship in the world. If the airship proves capable, it will be used by the U.S. Navy when it needs additional maneuverability.
Contestants selected among 79 beauties from all around the world competed in the final round of the 1958 Miss Universe Pageant. Eurlyne Howell from Louisiana, U.S.A., Alicja Bobrowska from Poland and a beauty from Germany were selected as the runner-ups. This year, 19-year old Luz Marina Zuluaga from Columbia beat the beauties from northern Europe by a single point and was crowned Miss Universe. Now a worldwide sensation, Ms. Zuluaga even received a marriage proposal from a young man named Roze.
Lion cubs that were recently moved to the Rome Zoo pose for a picture with Italian film actors. They’re great around children because kids and young animals easily get along, but these cute cubs will soon grow up to become the most fearsome kings of the jungle.
On the U.S. Armed Forces Day, thousands of soldiers and bronco-riding enthusiasts gathered at a rodeo that took place in Salinas, California. Broncos are infamously wild and they’re capable of throwing anyone off their back with determination. Additionally, broncos have different ways to throw off riders: some keep jumping while others race around the ring. Regardless, in the end the broncos always succeed in throwing off their riders.
Flash back, and forward
August 15th, 1945, was the day that our nation was liberated from 36 years of Japanese colonial rule. This is a day that we will never forget, not even in a thousand years from now. Unfortunately, the Soviet Union invaded just north of the 38th parallel before we even had the chance to fully enjoy our newly-found independence. On May 10th, 1948, a general election was held in the South and on August 15th, 1948, Syngman Rhee was sworn in as the very first president. He subsequently announced to the world the creation of the Republic of Korea. However, the North Korean Army, representing the interests of the Soviet Union, invaded the South on June 25th, 1950. All of our free democratic allies came to our assistance under the general guidance of the United Nations. The Korean War caused huge losses of life and property, wreaking havoc on the entire nation. An Armistice Agreement was finally signed on July 27th, 1953, but it did not manage to unite the two nations. As the war ended, dictatorship and corruption were used to crush the ideals of a democratic society in the South, making it difficult to overcome the painful aftermath of the war. On April 19th, 1960, students staged an uprising against the dictatorship and a new regime with a parliamentary cabinet system was instated after that. However, demonstrations as well as indirect threats from the Communist North Korea prolonged the confusion.
Fortunately, on May 16th, 1961, a military revolution supported by the people was successfully staged, paving the way for the establishment of a new nation. Keeping a promise made during the revolution, the revolutionary government held a democratic general election to select a brand new government in October of 1963. General Park Chung-hee, the leader of the revolution, was elected as the president of the Third Republic. The inauguration of the Third Republic marked an important turning point in our history.
Our young forces have started to enter the world stage. President Park has met with Presidents Kennedy and Johnson in the United States and President Luebke of West Germany, brushing shoulders with the world leaders. Korea opened a new age in the Asia-Pacific region by closely cooperating with Malaysia, Thailand and Taiwan and by consolidating its solidarity with its allies. Additionally, through the summit held in Manila, Korea advocated the defense of peace in the Asia-Pacific region along with other world leaders, and our active diplomacy even extended to Africa.
During the Korean War, the Korean Army fought with a scant supply of weapons and soldiers. Now, times have changed and the Korean Army is known as one of the strongest in the world. Preparations are being made to achieve a successful unification thanks in part to the strong commitment of our 600,000-strong military. We have sent tens of thousands of soldiers to Vietnam to preserve peace and resist the communization of Asia, and our achievements there have raised eyebrows across the entire world.
The results that we have achieved with sweat and blood are invaluable. Hundreds of production plants have been built on flat land. Overcoming long-standing Japanese oppression and despair as well as the painful memories of the Korean War, we have made progress with the steady efforts and the sweat, the creativity and the tenacity of our people. The outcome of the nationwide efforts can be found in the various products that are produced on a massive scale. The development of the steel industry has also generated rapid changes. The abundant production of electricity and industrial products such as cements, fertilizers and textiles has helped boost our confidence. Although Korea used to be a country dependent on others for everything, we now stand on our own and are able to support ourselves. At the time of the liberation in 1945, rice was Korea’s only export item. Now, we export more industrial products than agricultural products, and the value of these exports has risen to USD 500 million a year, up from a meager USD 9 million. Ships made with our technology cruise the open seas, and railroads, used as industrial arteries, now reach every corner of the nation. Several dams have been made along the Hangang River and a new urban center is being built in Yeouido. Our country has grown so much in the 23 years that have gone by since the liberation and, like the Gyeongbu Expressway that extends in all directions, we will continue to move forward.
Korean Airlines has begun to offer international flights. The DC-9 , a jet airplane owned by Korean Air, departed for Tokyo International Airport on July 25th. It will also fly to Taipei, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Saigon, Bangkok and Seattle in the United States. Cruising at an altitude of 35,000 feet, the jet plane takes 1 hour and 45 minutes to fly from Tokyo to Seoul. The plane is equipped with our own technology and it is operated by our own pilots, maintenance engineers and stewardesses. The Seoul-Tokyo flight alone will earn USD 5 million a year. International flights are more significant since they show our technological capacity and capability. Having Korean Airline planes share the runway with many other international carriers exhibits our national power and it is an effective way to promote tourism in Korea under the motto “Welcome to Korea.”
This is the drought-stricken Jeollabuk-do and Jeollanam-do, where President Park Chung-hee recently paid a visit. The president walked through the area and consoled the residents, encouraging them to work together to overcome the drought. The government has earmarked a KRW 900 million emergency relief fund to help the affected area in Jeollanam-do, and the president urged the entire nation to extend love and encouragement to the drought victims. A nationwide donation campaign led by the Seoul Central Broadcasting Company, the Munhwa Broadcasting Company and other media agencies is currently under way to help the victims. Even a small donation can make a major difference in the lives of the victims.
The 10th general election was held all across the nation on December 12th, leading to the election of 154 members of the National Assembly from 77 districts. The voter turnout rate was very high at 77.1 percent. Accompanied by his daughters, President Park Chung-hee cast his ballot in Jung-gu, Jongro-gu, Seoul. The election was the fairest and most transparent the country has ever held, and 15 million out of the 19.5 million eligible voters participated. After voting was closed, ballot counts were organized overnight at 213 ballot-counting stations. The Democratic Republic Party won 68 seats, while the New Democratic Party captured 61 seats, the Unification Party earned 3 seats and independent candidates grabbed a total of 22 seats.
Another milestone that signals the country’s massive drive for industrialization was achieved in Yeongil Bay. POSCO recently completed the construction of three expanded facilities that will increase annual steel production from 2.6 million to 5.5 million tons. President Park attended the completion ceremony and the third blast furnace launching event. The president joined the POSCO employees in putting fire into the third furnace. This plant, completed in 28 months, boasts 23 world-class facilities including a furnace capable of producing 9,500 cars’ worth of melted steel in a single day. The completion of the three expanded facilities boosts Korea’s steel production capacity to double that of North Korea. It also makes South Korea the eighth country in the world to have steel plants with a capacity of 5.5 million tons. President Park was quoted as saying, “Korea’s steel production capacity will increase to 20 million by 1986, making it one of the top ten steel producers in the world. By then, Korea will become one of the top ten countries in the fields of shipbuilding, petrochemicals, automobile production and cement production as well.” He added that, with exports rising to USD 50 billion, the Korean economy will proudly join the ranks of the world’s economic powers.
President Park visited the construction site of the Bomun Tourism Complex in the Gyeongbuk Province. The complex’s design embraces both traditional and modern architectural elements. During his visit, the president instructed related officials to finish all construction before the opening day of the Asia Pacific Tourism Conference that will be held this coming April in Korea.
To celebrate its opening, the Korea Spirit & Culture Research Institute held an academic conference on tradition and modernity in Korean culture. During the conference, its members discussed what needs to be done in order to obtain balanced cultural, social and economic development in Korea
The Nambuk ferry – an Antarctic research ship – recently left the port of Busan to explore potential fishing areas in the new 200-mile economic zone. Owned by the Nambuk Fishery Co., the 5,549-ton experimental ship will conduct catch tests, investigate the fishing environment and conduct migration investigations for three months in the Antarctic. The crew hopes to catch 1,500 tons of shrimp.
The renovations on the commemorative site built for Commander Gwak Jae-woo in Uiryeong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, have been completed. President Park attended the completion ceremony and toured both the Chungiksa Temple and the mausoleum where Gwak Jae-woo, who defeated Japanese soldiers as commander of the first civilian army during the Japanese invasion of 1592, and 17 other generals ranked under Commander Gwak are enshrined.
Meanwhile, Uiryeong, the home of the Chungiksa Temple where the general who defeated the Japanese soldiers as commander of the civilian army is enshrined, happens to be where the general was born.
Here is a report from Daehan News correspondent Park In-sin from the 8th Asian Games that just wrapped up in Bangkok, Thailand. This year, 267 Korean athletes entered the stadium, making Korea the third country among the 32 members of the Asia Games Federation (AGF).
Korea participated in 17 of the 19 events. A high school student named Kim Jin-ho won a gold medal in archery. When our player asked the North Korean player who won the bronze medal if he could shake his hand, the latter declined. In men’s bowling, Ahn Byeong-gu defeated Japanese and Thai players and won a gold medal. In fencing, foil competitors Kim Kuk-hyeon, Kim du-gyong, Kim Heon-su and Ch yul beat the Chinese team to win the gold medal. In shooting, Park Jong-gil scored 593 points in the pistol prone, a new record for the Asian games, and won a gold medal by defeating a player from North Korea. In weightlifting, Ahn Ji-yeong from the 90-kilogram weight class lifted 320 kilograms, setting a new record in the Asian games and winning a gold medal. Yang Jeong-mo, a wrestler who won a gold medal at the Montreal Olympics, won a gold medal by defeating Iraqi players in the featherweight division. The sport that Korea won the most medals in is boxing. Our boxers made it to the finals in six out of the 11 categories and took home numerous victories. Athletes Hwang Cheol-sun (bantamweight), Choi Chung-il (lightweight), Seo In-chang (light welterweight), Hwang Chung-jae (welterweight), and Park Il-cheon (light middleweight) all won gold medals in the sport, leading spectators and media outlets to praise Korea as the “prince of boxing.” In cycling, Lee Gwang-seon won the 1,000-meter sprint with a 1 minute 11 second part 5 finish while Lee Gyong-mun, Sin Nam-su, Lee Gwan-seon and Park Il-wu all won a gold medal in the 4,000-meter team pursuit. In tennis, Yang Jeong-sun and Lee Deok-gi defeated Japanese players and won the gold medal in the women’s doubles. Finally, Lee Deok-gi won her second gold medal after beating a Chinese player in the women’s singles final.
Our women’s volleyball team, in green, fought well against the North Korean team in the final game. Our players easily beat the North Korean team 3-1 in just one hour thanks to a strong defense and a combination of offensive plays. However, our team only managed to place third overall behind China and Japan, maintaining our spot in the rankings from the Montreal Olympics. Our team defeated China 3-0 in the men’s volleyball final thanks to remarkable plays by Kang Man-soo and his teammates. We lost against Japan, however, but China beat Japan so all three teams had four wins and one loss. In the end, the gold medal went to Korea because of the score difference. In women’s basketball, five countries (Korea, China, Japan, Thailand and Malaysia) played in the final round. Wearing red, the Korean team beat Japan 63-48 thanks to the skills of Park Chan-suk and Cho Yun-nam, and defeated the Chinese team 77-68. We won all four games and took home the gold medal. The football final drew the most attention because it saw South Korea and North Korea going head-to-head. Our team, in blue, and the North Korean team, in red, tied 0-0, which forced the game to go into overtime. Our team took the lead halfway through the overtime period and rushed towards the North’s goal but we failed to score in a decisive moment. The overtime period ended in a tie as well so South Korea and North Korea both won the gold medal. The 8th Asian Games lasted 12 days during which Korea won 18 gold, 20 silver and 31 bronze medals in 17 sports, putting us third in the overall medal tally after Japan and China. The 8th Asian Games have come to an end. The 9th Asian Games will be hosted in India in 1982.
Here is the Inauguration Ceremony of our ninth president, Park Chung-hee, which was held on December 27, 1978. The president took his presidential oath as dictated by Article 46 of the Constitution.
“I herewith take this oath. I solemnly swear that I will observe the Constitution and protect the nation, make efforts to promote freedom and the prosperity of the people, and sincerely fulfill my responsibilities as president toward the ultimate goal of peaceful unification of the fatherland.”
Presidential oath of President Park Chung-hee, December 27, 1978
In his inaugural address, President Park declared that we will soar with pride and confidence in the 1980s. Here is the president’s inaugural speech.
To my 50 million countrymen, and to our distinguished guests,
In anticipation of opening a new chapter in our history in the 1980s, we have gathered here to commit ourselves to realizing our optimistic vision of national prosperity. We have marched towards national development and the creation of a new nation based on the perseverance and enthusiasm of our people. We successfully achieved ‘development’ in the 1960s and a ‘leap forward’ in the 1970s. Based on these glorious achievements of the past, we are ready to build a prosperous and strong nation. In the 1980s, we will create a new history of national growth filled with pride and confidence. In the upcoming years, we must achieve our goal of becoming a highly industrialized nation in order to join the ranks of advanced nations, and build a welfare society based on empathy and fidelity in addition to prosperity and affluence. By using our national solidarity and the wisdom we have accumulated thus far, let us make the 1980s an era of flourishing national culture. By doing so, we can achieve dramatic progress towards the peaceful unification of our country, which is the earnest wish of all Korean people, and enhance the national identity cherished in our longstanding history, thereby contributing to the progress of human history toward peace, security and prosperity. At this significant juncture of history, as I embrace the heavy responsibility of being the ninth president, I pledge to the nation and to the people that I will share in the pleasure and pains of the people, and devote myself to fulfilling the solemn mission facing this generation. My core policy objectives will continue to be the realization of a self-reliant economy, the establishment of a self-reliant national defense, the expansion of social infrastructure, and the cultivation of national spirit and culture.
My fellow countrymen, I see our current position in the context of our nation’s long history, and I bear my heavy responsibility for continuing the march toward a glorious future with pride and determination. I once again seek your unsparing cooperation and efforts. We must not forget that only a few years ago, with unity and wisdom, we successfully managed to overcome the oil crisis worldwide and the crisis surrounding the communization of the Indochinese peninsula. While accelerating our efforts for reform, creation, and progress, let us also renew our efforts to glorify our country in the midst of tribulations in the world.
Living in an utterly critical period of Korean history, President Park has devoted himself to the modernization of the nation and to national progress. Children presented him with flowers to celebrate his inauguration.
As he enters his second term, the president’s objectives for the nation are to reward diligent and honest people and to build a welfare society that is based on empathy and fidelity as well as prosperity and affluence. In the afternoon, the president hosted a celebratory banquet in the Cheongwadae guest hall where he was congratulated by 700 local and foreign guests.
A dinner was held after the banquet. On behalf of the foreign diplomats living in Korea, Ambassador Benjamin T. Tirona of the Philippines extended heartfelt congratulations to President Park and proposed a toast to the health and success of the president and his older daughter.
A performance prepared by the Ministry of Culture was held at the Sejong Culture Center to celebrate the inauguration of the president.