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View of flourishing Seoul and reflections on the monument commemorating the sacrifices of UN Forces during the Korean War(발전한 서울시가지의 모습 및 6.25동란 참전유엔군의 희생을 기리는 참전기념비와 추모객)

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View of flourishing Seoul and reflections on the monument commemorating the sacrifices of UN Forces during the Korean War(발전한 서울시가지의 모습 및 6.25동란 참전유엔군의 희생을 기리는 참전기념비와 추모객)04



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Title View of flourishing Seoul and reflections on the monument commemorating the sacrifices of UN Forces during the Korean War(발전한 서울시가지의 모습 및 6.25동란 참전유엔군의 희생을 기리는 참전기념비와 추모객)
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Material Type Videos
Author(Korean)

국립영화제작소

Publisher

[서울]:국립영화제작소

Date 1974
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Link
Original Format pdf
Subject Territorial Development < National Land Development
Government and Law < Internal Conflict
Holding 국가기록원

Abstract

This is the Gyeong-In Highway that the UN Forces who landed in Incheon took to move towards Seoul. Numerous plants have been built along the highway. This is Seoul, the capital of Korea. With a population of six million, Seoul City has inherited the traditions and the history of the Korean people. Seoul was recaptured by UN Forces on September 28th, 1950, 13 days after the Incheon Landing Operation commenced. The Korean people remember the joy of that day, when the national flag was once again hoisted above the capitol building.

Seoul was completely destroyed twice by Communist invasions but, as the war came to an end, the Korean people began to reconstruct their capital city in pursuit of a happier life. Several grand bridges were built over the Hangang River, where fierce battles were waged, and a tower commemorating the participation of UN Forces in the Korean War was built on one of them.

This is the National Cemetery located in Dongjak-dong, Seoul, along the Hangang River. It is where young souls who fought to defend the freedom and peace of this nation fell.

This is the expressway that connects Panmunjeom to Seoul, called “Tongilro (reunification road)” by the Korean people. A ceremony for a monument that was erected along the way to commemorate the participation of soldiers from the Philippines was held on October 2nd, 1974. The monument was erected to remember the Filipino soldiers who fought courageously in battles during the Korean War, including the one in Ildong, Yeoncheon.


Starting in Seoul, you can follow the Tongilro for an hour and arrive at the Freedom Bridge that crosses the Imjingang River. The road to the North ends here. Numerous people who left their hometown in North Korea come here out of homesickness. The Armistice Agreement that ended the Korean War was signed on July 27th, 1953, in Panmunjeom, which is right across the Freedom Bridge. Since then, the bickering between the two sides has continued in Panmunjeom.

This is the Imjingang River that flows along the DMZ to the west sea. The deserted district along the river has become a paradise for animals. By going up the river one can reach Jangpa-ri, where the ferryboats that once crossed the river are no longer seen. Children play near the once bloody river, totally unaware of the tragedies of the war.

The Military Demarcation Line, which divides the Korean peninsula. The ceasefire line is about two kilometers away from here. The 155-mile frontline is marked with barbed-wire fences put there to defend against continuing aggressions from North Korea.

This is Seolmaryeong Valley, Yeoncheon, Gyeonggi-do. It is where the British Army’s Gloucestershire Regiment was besieged by the Chinese Army, turning into a bloody battle that lasted for four days and left nearly everyone dead. 806 soldiers were buried on this cliff. Every April, in this valley, a requiem is played and a memorial event held to remember the deceased solders.

This is Uncheon, Gyeonggi-do where Thai soldiers were stationed for a long time. A memorial monument in honor of these soldiers has been erected in Uncheon. Their feats and victories in many battles, including the Battle of Pork Chop Hill near the DMZ, are forever cherished in the hearts of the Korean people. These students come to the monument once a week to pay tribute to the fallen soldiers.

This is Cheorwon, Geumhwa, and Pyeonggang - the so-called “Iron Triangle.” This is Baengma-goji in northern Cheorwon, whose owner changed 24 times during the bloody battle. Baengma-goji is now the part of the DMZ. Many fierce battles took place in the Iron Triangle including the Battle of Ice Cream Hill and the bloody battles of Five Hundred Ridge, Camel Hill and Deer Hill. Woljeongri Station, which stands right on the ceasefire line, still has relics from the war. And Cheorwon-eub now only has mere only traces of the 100,000 people who used to live there, showing just how fierce the war was.

This is Hantangang River which flows into the Namdaechon Stream. Its beautiful scenery remains, and it continues to flow in spite of a barbed-wire fence that attempts to block it. This is Geumhwa-eub, where only the remnants of a destroyed bridge remain due to heavy gunfire.