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Rural-urban migration and the social mobility of individuals in the Republic of Korea : An analysis of life history data

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  • Rural-urban migration and the social mobility of individuals in the Republic of Korea
  • Kwon, Tai-Hwan; Jun, Kwang Hee
  • Seoul National University(Population and Development Studies Center)


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Title Rural-urban migration and the social mobility of individuals in the Republic of Korea
Similar Titles
Sub Title

An analysis of life history data

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Kwon, Tai-Hwan; Jun, Kwang Hee

Publisher

[Seoul]:Seoul National University(Population and Development Studies Center)

Date 1990-12
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Korea Journal of Population and Development:vol. 19(no. 2)
Pages 22
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Original Format pdf
Subject Social Development < Population
Holding Seoul National University

Abstract

This paper explores the impact of rural-urban migration on the social mobility of individuals, comparing rural-urban migrants with rural and urban natives. Using life history data from the 1983 Korean National Migration Survey, we examine "the pattern of migrant adjustment by estimating the first difference form of the autoregressive equation. We find a disruptive effect of rural-urban migration that disappears gradually after migration. This study provides strong evidence that most rural-urban migrants successfully adapt to urban life through upward occupational mobility relative to both rural and urban natives. This finding sharply contrasts with previous studies on the urban informal sector, which emphasize selective rural-urban migration or to inability of migrating individuals to adapt to city life. Moreover, this study shows that a principal cause of the rapid expansion of Seoul is that migrants are more likely to be upwardly mobile when they are destined for Seoul rather than other cities.