This study investigates basic concepts of science and technology (S&T) diplomacy and develops a framework for smart power-based S&T diplomacy. S&T has characteristics both of hard power and soft power while can be used either in transactional or persuasive way. According to characteristics and uses of S&T in international diplomacy, the framework classifies four types of S&T diplomacy; a) diplomacy for science, b) science for diplomacy, c) science in diplomacy, and d) science as diplomacy. The smart power-based S&T diplomacy means that all these types of S&T diplomacy could be and should be smartly mixed in order to accomplish broader national goals and improve a nation's smart power.
With this framework, this study analyzes Korean S&T diplomacy and find that Korea mostly focuses on 'diplomacy for science' and largely disregards other types of S&T diplomacy. Thus it is recommended to strengthen 'diplomacy for science' and vitalize other types of S&T diplomacy. More importantly, it is strongly recommended to mix or compositively consider all types of S&T diplomacy in pursuing national goals and enhancing national smart power.
On the basis of such a framework and analyses, this study draws some strategic implications for Korean S&T diplomacy toward different target groups including advanced countries, emerging countries, developing countries, and multilateral entities. The main implication is not to confine in international cooperation for S&T, but to recognize S&T as one of smart power resources, which can be utilized for accomplish national diplomatic purposes and broader national goals.
- 스마트파워 기반 과학기술외교 전략(Smart power-based science and technology diplomacy)
- 장용석; 배영자; 김상배; 송치웅; 이재훈; 이진상; 최영식; 김은주; 이명진; 장성일장용석; 배영자; 김상배; 송치웅; 이재훈; 이진상; 최영식; 김은주; 이명진; 장성일
스마트파워 기반 과학기술외교 전략(Smart power-based science and technology diplomacy)
서울 : 과학기술정책연구원
|Series Title; No||정책연구 / 2012-13|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Government and Law < International Politics