A free trade agreement(FTA) is a pact that eliminates tariffs, quotas, and other barriers to trade between two countries or entities. As more and more countries decided to join FTAs, recent trade deals extend beyond the scope of traditional tariff or quota issues. The pacts include new issues such as trade in services, investment protection, intellectual property rights, and government procurement. This trend has increased interest in science and technological areas affected by the trade deals. For example, FTAs result in further liberalization of trade in R&D services and stricter protection of intellectual property rights on technology. This report assesses the impact of FTAs on the areas of science and technology and draws policy implications for Korean government.
In Korea, FTAs with Chile, Singapore, EFTA, ASEAN, India, EU, Peru, and U.S. entered in force. Korean government tried to make service provisions in these FTAs be consistent with the proposals Korea tabled in WTO/DDA. The service issues in science and technology encompass R&D services on natural science, interdisciplinary R&D services, technical inspection services, and engineering services. These issues have rarely been controversial in inter-governmental negotiations. Korean government, however, has to consider more commitments on these areas in order to upgrade the domestic service market. Despite government supports for a long time, most R&D or engineering service providers have grown very slowly. Competition with foreign providers could offer them a chance to strengthen their capabilities.
- 과학기술 분야 FTA 대응방안 연구(Korean FTA strategy in science and technology)
- 박찬수; 황정하; 조희래; 김동준
과학기술 분야 FTA 대응방안 연구(Korean FTA strategy in science and technology)
서울 : 과학기술정책연구원
|Series Title; No||조사연구 / 2013-05|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Economy < Trade
Industry and Technology < Science/Technology