If there was no investment of transport infrastructure by past generation, What is going to happen to the life of present generation? Walking might be faster than riding a car and jam-packed bus and subway were the main inconvenience of daily life. The transport policy of past generation should have taken directly effect to the life of present generation. If so, what is the effect pf current transport investment policy to future generations? We have lived in an uncertain era dominated by mutation factors. This could be a clear difference between high growth era and low growth era. But the obligation of policy-maker is that how to overcome the future uncertainty. This study is focused on the policy suggestion that the current and future are able to coexist in different time zone. To do this, we analysed the policy scenarios of transport investment with the comparison of scenario’s transport cost.
In Chapter 1, we described the research needs and objectives in this study and the operational definition of transportation cost. In Chapter 2, we examined the last investment policy focusing on the transition of legal law of transportt. The outcome of transport investment were separately described the internal and external performance. The outcome of transport infrastructure was examined in three points. These are the increasing length of transport infrastructure, the construction industry sale and the expenditure to transport modes. We examined the internal outcome of transport infrastructure through the survey of transport satisfaction. In Chapter 3, we described the calculation method of transport cost and compared the transport cost between present(2012) ann future(2031). This study investigated the future demand of traffic of traffic through the trip generation and VKT(Vehicle Kilometers Traveled). In Chapter 4, the trasnport cost of each policy scenario was calculated. The findings of policy was deducted through the comparison of each scenario’s transport cost. Based on the analysis of policy scenario, we suggested the proper completion time of roads and rails under construction and the direction of transport infra investment. If we do not invest to transport infra any more, the transport cost of future genaration will be 27% higher than present generation according to this study result.
Following are the policy suggestions on each investment procedure. First, we suggested the minimum maintenance period on the legal special acoount which is the funding resources of major transport infrastructure. Second, we suggested that the proper completion time of infra projects under construction was presented in 2019. Until that time, the special acoount should be preserved to guarantee stable funding to transport infrastructure. The suggestion of setting up policy was that the final target year of legal planning should be changed from 2020 to 2030.
Because the cost of social loss for construction delay is not able to recover, this study suggested the introduction of “the system of construction project investment evaluation. The third policy suggestion is that partition budget system should be gradually integrated to increase the efficiency of investment. Also we suggested that the roads and rails under construction should be completed within 8 years to reduce the social loss.
- 지속가능한 교통인프라 투자정책 방향연구(Transport investment policy in sustainable era)
- 김종학; 김혜란; 문정호; 고용석; 김준기
지속가능한 교통인프라 투자정책 방향연구(Transport investment policy in sustainable era)
정책 시나리오별 교통비용 추정을 중심으로(Comparison of transport cost of policy scenerios)
서울 : 국토연구원
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2013-17|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < Transport/Logistics|