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The politics of financial control and reform in Korea

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  • The politics of financial control and reform in Korea
  • Choi, ByungSun
  • Seoul National University(Graduate School of Public Administration)


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Title The politics of financial control and reform in Korea
Similar Titles
Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Choi, ByungSun

Publisher

[Seoul]:Seoul National University(Graduate School of Public Administration)

Date 1991
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Korean Journal of Policy Studies:vol. 6
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Original Format pdf
Subject Economy < Financial Policy
Holding Seoul National University

Abstract

Government control over finance has been a persistent feature of the politco-economic structure of Korea. This paper first seeks to explain the process in which the government's control over finance had intensified by the late 1970s. with a focus on particular episodes such as the dramatic interest rate reform in 1965, Emergency Decree in August 1972, and several recurring "restructuring (in effect, bail-outs)" attempts, and in relation to the changing industrialization strategy and the consuequent relationship between the government and chaebol. And then it will review critically the financial liberalization policies in the 1980s: the privatization of commercialbanks, the conflict between the banks and the non-bankfinancial intermediaries (NBFI's) in the process of the restructuring the financial industry, and the freeing of interest rate and to "policy funds." The central argument of this paper is that a considerable progress of financial liberalization notwithstanding, the financial system of Korea still serves as the fulcrum of Korean industrial policy and as a fundamental tool with which Korean policymakers can induce business cooperation and compliance.