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Crisis, regime change, and development : A quantitative analysis of South Korean political transformation 1945~1987

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  • Crisis, regime change, and development
  • Kim, Suk Joon
  • Seoul National University(Graduate School of Public Administration)


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Title Crisis, regime change, and development
Similar Titles
Sub Title

A quantitative analysis of South Korean political transformation 1945~1987

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Kim, Suk Joon

Publisher

[Seoul]:Seoul National University(Graduate School of Public Administration)

Date 1987
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Korean Journal of Policy Studies:vol. 2
Pages 21
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Original Format pdf
Subject Government and Law < Political Development
Holding Seoul National University

Abstract

A series of crises in Korea induced regime changes which conditioned the nature of the subsequent regimes. Under a crisis situation, the pattern of interplay of world system, class, and state conditioned the following state. Crisis occurs due to the gap between state and society. Due to its nature as a security state, the gap was reduced by state's repression by security institutions except in the case of the April Revolution. The world security system has played a key role to the rise of the Syngman Rhee's serurity regime under the identity crisis, while social class played a crucial role in its fall and the rise of the Chang regime under import-substitution industrialization and legitimation crises. Since then, the military as a major state institution has played a key role both in political and economic arenas by establishing a neo-mercantile security state. Korea's contradictory development is the consequence of the neo-mercantile security state rather than being explained by bureaucratic authoritarian model, dependendent development, or statist theories: its enhanced economic capacity produced an "economic miracle," while its security capacity facilitated political underdevelopment.