This paper examines the Civil Service Pension Programme reform in the Republic of Korea in terms of policy processes and programme changes. The Civil Service Pension Programme has been developed within the framework of the developmental state, which has played the leading role in Korea’s economic development. Since Korea has undergone structural changes not only in terms of democratization but also in terms of the structural transformation of the economy and demographics, there has been increasing pressure on the reform of the welfare system in general and, in particular, of the Civil Service Pension Programme. The primary aim of this paper is to examine the policy processes behind the Civil Service Pension Programme reform in Korea and, secondly, to determine whether the proposed reform will bring about fundamental changes in the nature of the Civil Service Pension Programme to the overall public pension system in Korea. This paper argues that while the recent reform of the Civil Service Pension Programme will consolidate the financing for the programme, the public pension system will remain by and large the same as before. Nevertheless, this paper maintains that the emerging pattern of the policy process shows a significant change in policy making, as a wide range of stakeholders were able to represent their interest and engage in policy debate through the Committee for the Reform of the Civil Service Pension Programme, resulting in policy compromise with consensus.