Existing studies on rural poverty, which have been emphasized on economic perspectives, are limit to be understood as the geographical characteristics applied poverty studies. To solve this study limitation, this study developed multidimensional poverty measures composed of five dimensions beyond economic measures, and then applied the multiple measures to Korean Welfare Panel data (2005-2011) for analyzing poverty gaps between urban and rural areas. The findings from the cross section analysis showed that there are large poverty gaps between urban and rural areas in terms of income and employment. In particular, females, the elderly, and the less-educated presented higher rates of poverty than other groups. In terms of living housing, the poverty rates showed a sharp increase in 2011, due to recent amendment of national housing law. In terms of health, the study found a reversal henomenon in 2008, because the poverty rates of rural areas get started higher than the rates of urban areas, due to the increase of medical expenditure to income ratio in rural areas. In terms of family and social relationships, the poverty rate of single-parent families showed higher in urban areas than rural areas. Additional findings from the dynamic analysis of multidimensional poverty revealed that incidents of poverty were higher in income compared to employment, housing, health, and family relationships. The persistence of poverty was lower in rural areas than urban areas in terms of housing, health, and family relationships. However, in terms of income and employment, rural areas experienced more persistent and repeated incidents of poverty. In sum, poverty gaps between urban and rural areas are empirically supported even when this study extended dimensions of poverty measures beyond existing economic-approach.