콘텐츠 바로가기
로그인
컨텐츠

Category Open

Resources

tutorial

Collection of research papers and materials on development issues

home

Resources
Social Development Education

Print

Early childhood education and care policies in the Republic of Korea

Related Document
Frame of Image
  • Early childhood education and care policies in the Republic of Korea
  • Na, Jung; Moon, Mugyeong
  • Korean Educational Development Institute; Korean Ministry of Education and Human Resources Development


link
Title Early childhood education and care policies in the Republic of Korea
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Na, Jung; Moon, Mugyeong

Publisher

Seoul:Korean Educational Development Institute; Korean Ministry of Education and Human Resources Development

Date 2003
Series Title; No OECD Thematic Review of Early Childhood Education and Care Policy: Background Report
ISBN 89-8388 711-7 93370
Pages 110
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Education
Holding OECD

Abstract

Early childhood education and care in Korea has developed from separate kindergartens and childcare facilities with different historical origins. Kindergartens, a term referring to schools for children aged from three to five before entering elementary schools under the administration of the Ministry of Education and Human Resources Development, are the representative official early childhood educational institution in Korea. The first kindergarten in Korea was established in the late 19C, the National Kindergarten Curriculum was established in 1969 for the first time, and the first public kindergarten was established in 1976. Since 1983, superintendents of early childhood education have been assigned to the Ministry of Education and to the city and provincial committees of education. Starting from 1994, full-day kindergarten programs have been strongly advocated, and free education for 5 year-olds was legislated in 1997. Due to the rapid expansion of childcare facilities, kindergartens are currently at a stand still.
‘Care’ for infants and young children in Korea was started in 1921 by Christian organizations and has been developed as a project for the promotion of child welfare since 1961. As the child rearing of working mothers became a serious social issue due to increase in women’s social participation in 1980s, the Ministry of Health and Welfare has taken charge of childcare nation-wide since 1991 and transformed ‘daycare’ into ‘childcare’, integrating education and care. In order to expand childcare facilities, the Korean government invested 1.3 trillion won (approximately 1 billion US dollars) from 1995 to 1997. As a result, there came to be about 20,000 childcare facilities. Several factors contributing to this rapid expansion were strong governmental will and financial support for children of low income families, more than 12 hours of childcare services throughout the year, a wider range of children to care for, and a report system rather than a licensing system for running childcare facilities.(The rest is omitted)