This research focuses on providing reference material for the establishment of the seventh five-year health sector plan, and intends to serve as a basis for establishing long-term healthcare development plans. Also, it can be used as a reference when NGOs and academic circles plan 1990s health care policy.
There are four historical eras in the Korean healthcare system:
1) Before the Japanese colonial era
2) During the Japanese colonial era
3) After the liberation of Korea and before Health Insurance Operations
4) After the introduction of medical health insurance
The employee health insurance system (introduced in 1977) is the new guideline for Korean healthcare policy. There are three main factors in the Korean healthcare system: supply, demand, and management control. To be specific, quantitative and qualitative improvement of medical supply resources, changes in demand, increases of healthcare utilization patterns, socialization of medical demand through health insurance, and control and management of medical expenses are all included in the Korean healthcare system.
The 1990s require a new healthcare service due to an increased public interest in health and civilian-led medical supplies, and state intervention has been requested as medical expenses have increased. Therefore, Korea needs a healthcare policy that reflects its economic conditions and social values.
Along with economic development, life expectancy and public health is improving. The shifting health trends indicate that infectious diseases now less frequent causes of death and the rate of parasitic infection is low. Now, non-communicable diseases such as dental diseases, high blood pressure, ulcers, heart disease, and diabetes are now much more common. In addition, aging-associated diseases, mass infections at primary and elementary schools, and diseases caused by environmental pollution are also becoming a problem. Additionally, sexually transmitted diseases, addictions, and mental health problems are emerging. Medical services and quality improvement measures based on these changes are required. Korea should focus on strengthening healthcare administration systems under local government, cutting medical costs, developing effective plans to control the increase of medical expenses, developing and expanding the roles of the healthcare system, and financing these measures.
Above all, in order to increase effectiveness and develop healthcare policies, exchanges among medical science, traditional medicine, and pharmacies should occur and the administrative system should be improved by investing in health care information systems. Also, the government needs to promote an effective and efficient policy that can resolve national health problems by resolving issues with the separation of prescribing and dispensing drugs, and the unification of medical services.
- 90년대 보건의료정책의 발전방향(Ways to improve 90’s health care policy)
- 박봉상; 문창진; 문옥륜; 이규식; 김용익; 한달선; 김희선; 유승흠
90년대 보건의료정책의 발전방향(Ways to improve 90’s health care policy)
[서울] : 한국보건사회연구원
|Series Title; No||연구 / 1990-08|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Health|