This study examined the supply of and the demand for healthcare workers until the 1990s (namely, nurses, nursing assistants, pharmacists and medical technicians), with an aim to provide base data for comprehensive supply and demand planning for healthcare workers in the 2000s.
Nurses do not only account for the majority of all healthcare workers, but also represent a critical position in terms of service provided. The number of nurses rapidly increased in 1984, and nearly 6,500 nurses were trained annually since 1988. In terms of age, from the 1960s, the percentage of the nurses age 24 and under accounted for more than 90 percent of the total nursing workforce, and the figure has remained around 97 percent in the 1980s. An estimate derived from the supply and demand trend indicates that there could be a shortage in the supply of nurses as the demand increases due to the retirement of the current nurses for marriage and childbearing, and demands for healthcare is heightened as society evolves. This means that there is a need for the unitization of unemployed workers, and increasing the number of students in the nurse training institutes.
It has been recorded that there were 37,118 licensed pharmacists in the 1990s, which was an increase of 150 percent from the 1980s. In addition, there were 1,380 newly registered licensed pharmacists in the 1990s, a 140 percent increase from the 1980s. This figure has declined since then. Notably, there has been an increase in the number of female pharmacists. In addition, it is expected that there will be imbalance of supply and demand in 2010, due to the oversupply of pharmacists. Therefore, the division of an optimal supply and demand plan based on more data is essential.
As for medical laboratory technologists and radiological technologists, the number of these technicians increased until the 1980s, before slightly decreasing. Supply and demand estimates indicate that if the number of technician trainees is maintained at the current level, there will be a risk of excessive supply. Accordingly, it is recommended that the number of technician trainees should not be increased, and their work scope should be extended to cover other areas.
Regarding physical therapists, the total number of licensed therapists in the late 1990s was 6,282—20 times higher than that of 1974. The number of newly registered physical therapists is rising as well. It is expected that the demand for physical therapists will increase as highly industrialized modern living is expected to entail extended and more severe physical damage. It should be noted, however, that there should be a systematic and efficient system to train physical therapists, as an oversupply of therapists is possible after 2010.
- 장단기 보건의료인력 수급에 관한 연구(The study on the long and short term supply and demand of healthcare workers)
- 박현애; 최정수; 류시원
장단기 보건의료인력 수급에 관한 연구(The study on the long and short term supply and demand of healthcare workers)
의사, 치과의사, 한의사, 치과기공사, 치과위생사
서울 : 한국보건사회연구원
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Health|