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Comparative patterns of political institutions and social policy developments

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  • Comparative patterns of political institutions and social policy developments
  • Hong, Kyung Zoon
  • Seoul National University(Center for Social Sciences)


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Title Comparative patterns of political institutions and social policy developments
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Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Hong, Kyung Zoon

Publisher

[Seoul]:Seoul National University(Center for Social Sciences)

Date 2012
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Korean Social Sciences Review (KSSR):vol. 2(no. 1)
Pages 30
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Government and Law < Political Systems
Government and Law < Political Development
Holding Seoul National University

Abstract

This paper tries to provide empirical support for a formal model of social policy development, as presented in a former paper on this study. In a direct democracy, the median voter’s social policy preference is critical because he is a Condorcet winner in pair-wise pure majority voting. However, in a more general setting, we should think of various political institutions as a collective choice of device. For this reason, I draw a formal model that formulates three contrasting types of political institutions that are distinguished by the developments of political democracy and the differences in electoral rules. Comparative patterns of key variables that measure political institutions, social policy developments, and social policy preferences provide support for arguments. My empirical results suggest that three political institutions are associated with very different policy outcomes. Compared to other institutions, a committee system entails more targeted subsidies and a less universal benefit. In contrast, proportional elections produce a more universal benefit and fewer targeted subsidies.