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Are Korean welfare politics changing? : The politics of the first and second pension reforms in Korea

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  • Are Korean welfare politics changing?
  • Kim, Yeong Soon
  • Seoul National University(Center for Social Sciences)


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Title Are Korean welfare politics changing?
Similar Titles
Sub Title

The politics of the first and second pension reforms in Korea

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Kim, Yeong Soon

Publisher

[Seoul]:Seoul National University(Center for Social Sciences)

Date 2012
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Korean Social Sciences Review (KSSR):vol. 2(no. 2)
Pages 38
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Social Welfare
Government and Law < Political Systems
Holding Seoul National University

Abstract

This article examines what factor was most significant in determining the pension reforms in Korea. This will be achieved by analyzing the two pension reforms undertaken during the Kim Dae-jung government (the first pension reform) and Roh Moo-hyun government (the second pension reform). The research demonstrates that in both cases the results were decided by the power relations formed through a process of strategic actions and interactions among major actors. This implies that actors rather than institutions, and dynamic power relations rather than the power resources of actors, are crucial in changing welfare policies. In addition, the comparison of the two pension reforms shows that the interactions among the actors became more active, and the role of the political parties became more important during the decade separating the two reforms. The pattern of forming coalitions and cooperating among the actors also changed during the period in scrutiny from being tacit and loose to open and active.