This study is part of the ESCAP (Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific of the UN) research project to develop welfare policies for the elderly. Based on the frame of ESCAP national research, this study first examined the previous research and statistics on the elderly population for systematic analysis, and reviewed the current welfare policies for the elderly in order to present policy direction for senior citizens’ welfare in Korea, and to develop preventive welfare policy for the future.
The following research was analyzed: the demographic characteristics of the elderly population, the national welfare budget for the elderly, the current welfare policy and program for the elderly, welfare programs in the private sector, statistical data and research on the living conditions of the elderly (including economic status), health and medical care, housing, and leisure activities. In addition, group discussion and one-on-one in-depth interviews were conducted in regards to: the awareness of senescence, preparation for old age, opinions on housing in senescence, views on supporting elderly parents, the elderly’s role in the family, the changes in the social awareness on the elderly, and hopes for government policy.
Based on the findings of this research, the following are recommended for welfare policy for the elderly: First, there should be preventive senior welfare policy which fully reflects the life cycle of an individual. A universal public pension system, lifetime daily workout activities, flexible housing policies, and leisure programs for the elderly can be appropriate approaches. In addition, there should be enhanced welfare policies for those who have already entered senescence. For example, re-employment opportunities after retirement need to be expanded, the retirement age cap should be raised continually, and the healthcare and medical system for efficient treatment of geriatric illnesses should be established.
The primary responsibilities for the welfare of the elderly should be borne by the government, non-profit welfare organizations in the private sector and, silver businesses, although services by the silver businesses would be basically charged ones, with expenses paid by the users. Lastly, it is noted that the rise of silver businesses, catering to the needs of the elderly, would call for the government to assume a more active role to manage, control, and supervise those businesses to protect the consumers from unfair treatment and profiteering.
- 노인복지정책 개발을 위한 연구(Recommendations for developing the welfare policy for the elderly)
- 이가옥; 장묘욱; 노연희; 박종돈
노인복지정책 개발을 위한 연구(Recommendations for developing the welfare policy for the elderly)
|Series Title; No||연구 / 1993-15|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Social Welfare|