This study diagnoses the current management and conditions of child welfare institutions, compares and analyzes social welfare institutions in economically advanced countries to help set policy direction, and determines management measures for these institutions in autonomous local government systems. To this end, observation, interviews and mail surveys were conducted, and domestic and international data was collected and analyzed.
In the United Kingdom, the Community Care Act of 1990 brought changes to the department of social service for local governments, and public and private social welfare institutions, the providers of social welfare services. In the US, there are group homes, danger protection facilities, facilities for temporary protection, facilities for the care of disabled children and children with mental disorders, and juvenile correctional facilities; however, there are not consistent guidelines for the regulation of those facilities, and funding is wasted due to service overlap. In Japan, social welfare service delivery systems are run primarily through private institutions and quasi-public social welfare institutions, similar to Korea. In all three countries, welfare institutions provide local welfare services, providing direction, advice and guidelines to individuals who engage with their facilities. They can be a suitable model for Korea, which has the task of establishing public welfare service delivery systems.
Appraising the current status of residential welfare institutions for children, we predict that the demand for infant and baby care-based facilities will decrease due to the reduction of the population of children . Recently, children of families without parents increases and the number of adopted children rises due to the continued promotion of international adoption by the government, but the demand for protective and nurturing facilities is expected to decrease. There are concerns regarding unfair government subsidies due to local self-governing systems, and regarding difficulty in securing expert employees due to poor working conditions. Additionally, according to our appraisal, as there are not many facilities for children with disabilities, many facilities for infant accept children with disabilities and in many cases, there are not proper and sufficient equipment for those children with disabilities.
Productive welfare systems should be developed, which provide adequate care for resident children, and enable them to live independently as a capable individual after discharge. To this end, protection of facility should be improved, systems encouraging self-support and self-reliance should be implemented, human resources should be reasonably allocated, expertise should be secured, facilities should be downsized and should be run in the form of family to increase efficiency, and the facility should be managed reasonably.
Also for the children to grow into healthy and responsible members of society, consistent attention and care should be provided, even after their discharge from welfare institutions.
- 아동복지수용시설 운영평가 및 개선방안(Evaluation on management and improvement measures of residential welfare institutions for children)
- 김응석; 김현옥; 이상헌; 오정수; 이정호; 박광준
아동복지수용시설 운영평가 및 개선방안(Evaluation on management and improvement measures of residential welfare institutions for children)
서울 : 한국보건사회연구원
|Series Title; No||연구 / 1995-23|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Social Welfare|