This study addresses the issue of the efficiency of educational system in Korea. In 1998, the total expenditure for primary and secondary schools accounted for 3.95 percent of GDP in Korea, which already surpassed the OECD average, 3.8 percent. The achievement of Korean students in international mathematics and science tests is the top class in the world. According to KDI survey in 2000, however, 88 percent of Korean parents regard the primary and secondary schools in crisis. Most parents and students who are not satisfied with the quality of school education pay additionally 2.9 percent of GDP for private tutoring that is substitute for school education in most cases. Based on the tentative conclusion that Korean school system is inefficient in the sense that schools fail to satisfy the demand of most parents and students, this study analyses the causes of the inefficiency and proposes a proposal for school system reform.
This study concludes the primary cause of inefficient school system in Korea is the ''centrally administered educational system'' whose basic principles are control and protection. Education in Korea is now too complex an endeavor to manage by a single program and rigid rules handed down from the central government. Korea, however, has still so highly centralized educational system that each school does not have freedom and incentive to devise educational programs to satisfy the demand of its parents and students. (The rest omitted)
- 학교 시스템 효율성 개선을 위한 교육 행, 재정체제의 개혁(A proposal for school system reform to enhance efficiency)
학교 시스템 효율성 개선을 위한 교육 행, 재정체제의 개혁(A proposal for school system reform to enhance efficiency)
탈통제와 진정한 지방자치의 확립(Decontrol and devolution)
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Economy < Economic Administration
Social Development < Education