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고령화사회의 사회경제적 문제와 정책대응방안(The socioeconomic problems of an aging society and policy responses) : OECD 국가의 경험을 중심으로

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  • 고령화사회의 사회경제적 문제와 정책대응방안(The socioeconomic problems of an aging society and policy responses)
  • 김미숙; 원종욱; 서문희; 강병구; 김교성; 임유경
  • 한국보건사회연구원


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Title 고령화사회의 사회경제적 문제와 정책대응방안(The socioeconomic problems of an aging society and policy responses)
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Sub Title

OECD 국가의 경험을 중심으로

Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

김미숙; 원종욱; 서문희; 강병구; 김교성; 임유경

Publisher

서울:한국보건사회연구원

Date 2003-12
Series Title; No 연구 / 2003-14
Pages 290
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Population
Social Development < Social Welfare
Holding 한국보건사회연구원

Abstract

Due to the unprecedentedly rapid population aging worldwide, many societies experience a wide range of unexpected social problems associated with pension expenditures, health care costs, and the provision of social services to the elderly. An economically inactive population, the elderly are likely to consume more than they produce, and this may lead an aging society to economic stagnation. This study examines a number of the socioeconomic problems that are common in aging societies and how some of the OECD countries have overcome their socioeconomic problems linked with aging population, with a view to drawing implications for Korea. Korea's health care spending as a proportion of its GDP is expected to reach 6.93% in 2020. For old age income security, this study proposes to make changes to the current public and private pension systems. The proposed model is a four-tier model. It is found in this study that population aging and macroeconomic state are not closely associated with one another. The latter was found to be affected more by the world economy than by population aging. What thissuggests is that population aging affects more on social expenditure in particular and less on the economy as a whole. (The rest omitted)