This paper is intended to review the present condition of supply and demand of healthcare resources and to make projections, and thereby to provide alternative policy plans that can be applied to public health systems. For this purpose, this study examined how to keep the required demand in balance with supply. The data for the analysis of demand came from Health Insurance Review and Evaluation Statistical Yearbook(1990 2002). Based on the data, we made projections of demand for healthcare resources for the years between 2003 and 2018, using Curve estimate logistic regression analysis. For the analysis of supply, several annual reports were used, including those prepared by the Korean Medical Association, the Nurses Association, the Dental Association, and the Pharmaceutical Association. In addition, the balance of supply and demand for medical appliances was estimated using regression analysis considering population, age, and sex distribution in a separate area. Results indicate that except for nurses, medical staff will be oversupplied in the current system and that this will affect the decision on the appropriate annual intake to medical schools. In addition, there was unbalance in supply and demand for costly medical appliances. Thus, to keep the balance, an efficient surveillance system will be required for management of medical appliances.