Many Korean megacities have adopted semi-public owned bus systems since the reform of Seoul's public transport system which brought operational changes of the bus system, such as fare management and routes. Local governments have enjoyed the advantages of semi-public owned bus systems and the introduction has resulted in increased bus patronage, improvement of service levels, and a decrease of bus accidents at the expense of huge subsidies. Some critics say these positive effects are only accompanied with transfer discounts.
Growing issues related to semi-public owned bus systems are an increasing financial burden on local governments, required transparency of private companies, and private sector inefficiency.
Therefore, the purpose of this study is to review the bus operation system and to suggest actions for improvement by examining every operation system in Korea, such as privately owned, public owned and semi-public owned.
The study suggests that first, local government should guarantee a basic level of bus service. Second, while megacities could increase bus service efficiency, rural towns should consider the welfare of their communities. Third, bus operation system of megacities which introduced the semi-public owned bus system, should maintain their current system and make improvements within the policy category in practice. Fourth, mid-size cities, whose populations are between 300 thousand and 1 million and have widely varying conditions of bus operation, have to focus on the minimum level of service and affordability issues of the local government. Fifth, cities with a population under 300 thousand, should continue their current level of service and introduce small-scale public owned bus systems, such as Jeju bus. Lastly, to deal with the growing financial burden of local governments, we need a social agreement and management system.
- 버스운영체제 비교분석 및 정책방향(A comparative study of bus operation and its policy implications in Korea)
- 강상욱; 구세주; 박상준; 최은정
버스운영체제 비교분석 및 정책방향(A comparative study of bus operation and its policy implications in Korea)
준공영제와 공영제를 중심으로
|Series Title; No||연구총서 / 2013-17|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < Transport/Logistics|