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The evolution of welfare production regimes in East Asia : A comparative study of Korea, Japan, and Taiwan

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  • The evolution of welfare production regimes in East Asia
  • Lee, Seung-yoon Sophia
  • Seoul National University(Graduate School of Public Administration)


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Title The evolution of welfare production regimes in East Asia
Similar Titles
Sub Title

A comparative study of Korea, Japan, and Taiwan

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Lee, Seung-yoon Sophia

Publisher

[Seoul]:Seoul National University(Graduate School of Public Administration)

Date 2011
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Korean Journal of Policy Studies:vol. 26(no. 1)
Pages 27
Subject Country Japan(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Taiwan(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Social Welfare
Holding Seoul National University

Abstract

This study examines the evolution of a dualistic welfare production regime in Korea and Japan, with Taiwan as a contrasting case. It examines how institutions evolved during the industrialization period in the three countries. Taking the view of historical institutionalism, the Varieties of Capitalism approach (Hall & Soskice, 2001) provided theoretical grounds for analyzing the variation of welfare production regimes in East Asia. The study argues that historical events (in Japan, the end of World War II and the Allied occupation; in Korea, the influx of foreign aid followed by the Korean War and the military government; in Taiwan, the defeat of the Kuomintang and ethnic divisions) created a critical juncture for these countries’ institutional developments. Korea and Japan developed large-company-oriented welfare production regimes, while Taiwan’s regime was more small and medium size enterprises (SMEs)-oriented. The dualistic welfare production regime of large companies and small and medium size enterprises (SMEs) in Korea and Japan is further explained by the functional equivalent welfare system that developed together with each country’s production regime.