Introduced in October 2000, the National Basic Livelihood Security Program has shown some issues over the course of its implementation concerning supply and demand, selection of beneficiaries, benefit levels and the benefit payment system, delivery systems, and self-supporting programs. This study analyses, in detail, the survey data of the Basic Livelihood Security Program and reviews issues identified through field evaluation and proposes detailed improvement measures and policy suggestions.
In order to guarantee minimum living standards for the underprivileged population and to ensure their self-sufficiency, it is critical that issues of the Basic Livelihood Security Program are identified for improvement. In particular, systematic improvement is required for income security, employment security, medical benefits, and housing benefits provided under the program. Because of the eligibility criteria, which is based on the applicant’s income and properties, as well as the immediate family’s support obligations, an underprivileged applicant may be rendered ineligible for the benefits even when support is critical. To solve this issue, household demand for expenditure as per household types should be reflected in the eligibility criteria, with varying conversion rates for calculating property values of households with no income-earning individuals. There should also be a better way to determine family members’ ability to support the applicant.
In addition, in order to address the weakness of the integrated benefit payment system, the scope of medical and housing benefits should be expanded, and supplementary benefits should be introduced for individuals able to work in order to motivate them to find jobs and work. The assistance delivery system should be enhanced as well through close cooperation between the social welfare sector and the public administration. In regards to self-support programs, vocational training, job placement, start-up support, self-support employment, assistance for self-supporting communities and working-level officials in charge of self-support programs should be reinforced.
If the Basic Livelihood Security Program is to provide substantive assistance for those in need, the standards of the basic benefit system should be increased, the self-support programs and employment benefits should be linked, and medical benefits should be expanded. Selection criteria for the beneficiaries and the persons obliged to support the beneficiaries should be improved and supplementary benefits should be introduced to motivate applicants to work. Introduction of information technology to encourage cooperation between relevant authorities is also advised, along with strengthening the relevant workforce and an increased focus on the protection of the underprivileged who are not eligible for the program but are in need of government assistance.
- 국민기초생활보장제도의 평가 및 개선방안(Evaluation and improvement measures for the national basic livelihood security program)
- 윤진호; 박능후; 강병구; 이상은
- 한국보건사회연구원(기초보장자활정책평가센터); 서울사회경제연구소
국민기초생활보장제도의 평가 및 개선방안(Evaluation and improvement measures for the national basic livelihood security program)
|Series Title; No||연구 / 2004-22|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Social Welfare|