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Participation and its restriction in policy-making process in Korea : Under the third republic(1963~1972)

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  • Participation and its restriction in policy-making process in Korea
  • Ahn, Hae-Kyun
  • Seoul National University(Graduate School of Public Administration)


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Title Participation and its restriction in policy-making process in Korea
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Under the third republic(1963~1972)

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Ahn, Hae-Kyun

Publisher

[Seoul]:Seoul National University(Graduate School of Public Administration)

Date 1988
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Korean Journal of Policy Studies:vol. 3
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Government and Law < Public Administration
Holding Seoul National University

Abstract

The purposes of this paper are to review the social scientists' participation in gwernmental policy-making processes in the 3rd Republic of Korea (1963-1972) after the end of military coup d'etat government (1961~1963) and to find a desirable future relationship between the government and social scientists. In this article, the social scientists' participation is analyzed by focusing on the modes of participation by social scientists (e.g., public administration, political science, economics, sociology, etc.). The modes are classified into two types: direct and indirect. The major institutions analyzed are numerous governmental advisory committees and academic associations for social scientists. The major finding is that the social scientists' participation under the 3rd Republic was very limited, and if any, participation was made mostly by the economists. The participation by other social sciontists was merely a means for legitimation of governmental policies, rather than for improvement of the quality of the policies. This was due to the centralized and authoritarian politico-administrative culture and policymaking structure which was dominated by the group of higher bureaucrats equipped with highly sophisticated modern managerial techniques. The mode of other social sciontists' participation was mostly indirect. It was very difficult for them to access to policy information due to the severe "task security regulations" harshly enforced by the government.

User Note

This paper is a translated version of my paper which was published in Korean Public Administration Review (Korean Association for Public Administration, 1972, vol. 6), pp. 24-46