The purpose of this study is to measure the level and cause of child poverty in Korea and the impact of poverty on children, and suggest practical ways to help growing children living in poor households avoid poverty, contributing to ensuring their opportunities.
In order to understand children living in poverty in the causes of poverty, we reviewed related literature published at home and abroad, and analyzed data on child poverty collected for 9 years from 1998 to 2006. In Korea, the households that fall under the low-income class include female-headed households, households with women as primary income earners, families headed by less-educated day laborers, temporary employees, and self-employed workers, which means that stable jobs for female-headed households are critical. Spending on children’s education decreases with the worsening of poverty, which means the poor educational environment of children living in poverty lead to their low academic levels. The priority zone assistance project for investment in education and welfare for children in low-income families should be reinforced for the promotion of children’s learning and scholastic ability. Children in poor households have shown symptoms of distraction and depression, commit more misdemeanors, and exhibit aggression more often than children in living in non-poverty, which means that the lives of children in living in poverty are under threat. In this respect, political intervention is imperative as an active solution for child poverty before poverty has adverse effects on children.
The anti-poverty policy for children requires a comprehensive social welfare service designed to promote children’s health, nutrition, emotional development, and cognitive capacity as a whole, in addition to financial assistance. Policy for the support of children living in poverty applies to various subjects, such as lunch, medicine, housing, and education, and should be able to meet the needs for all these items in order to mitigate harmful influence of poverty on children, while securing children’s basic rights. Therefore, anti-poverty policy for children should include plans for the development of new programs and services to cover these items and introduce new policies to address these issues. Especially, financial assistance for childrearing, job creation for women, and establishment of a childcare system should be included in anti-poverty policy for children. Korea should support children in absolute poverty only with a variety of programs, while also protecting children in latent poverty, including at the near-poverty level. Since the neglect of children in near poverty can be a sign of discrimination, the government should increase its support to encompass all children in households that fall under the near-poverty class.
- 한국의 아동빈곤실태와 빈곤아동지원방안(Child poverty in Korea and measures for the support of children living in poverty)
- 김미숙; 조애저; 배화옥; 최현수; 홍미; 김효진
한국의 아동빈곤실태와 빈곤아동지원방안(Child poverty in Korea and measures for the support of children living in poverty)
서울 : 한국보건사회연구원
|Series Title; No||연구 / 2007-13|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Social Welfare|