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Land reform and large landlords in South Korea’s modernization project

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  • Land reform and large landlords in South Korea’s modernization project
  • Hong, Sung-Chan
  • Seoul National University(Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies)


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Title Land reform and large landlords in South Korea’s modernization project
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Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Hong, Sung-Chan

Publisher

[Seoul]:Seoul National University(Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies)

Date 2013-06
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Seoul Journal of Korean Studies:vol. 26(no. 1)
Pages 23
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Territorial Development < National Land Development
Holding Seoul National University

Abstract

The South Korean land reform was a compensated redistribution of land in the spring of 1950. In conjunction with the uncompensated confiscation of the March 1946 North Korean land reform, the two land reforms eliminated the long-standing landlord system and were a watershed moment in creating different agricultural and economic systems in the two Koreas. Many previous studies have discussed the background, process, and results of the South Korean land reform. This paper argues that the South Korean land reform was not only intended to eliminate the large landlord class, but was a policy package that combined government purchase of land, the transformation of landlords into capitalists, and the sale of land recovered from the Japanese. (The rest omitted)

User Note

"This paper is a revised version of a special lecture given at the 4th Kyujanggak International Symposium on Korean Studies (2011 ), which had as its conference theme "The Modernization Project: Reconsidering the CapitaList and the Socialist Roads." The author would like to thank Prof. Park Tae Gyun of the Seoul National University Graduate School of International Studies for the opporrwlity to give the lecture and Prof. Howard Kahm of the Yonsei University Underwood International College for comments on an earlier draft.