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Constitution, national agenda, and presidential leadership : Focusing on a comparison between the articles on economy in the “national founding constitution” and the “post-Korean war constitution”

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  • Constitution, national agenda, and presidential leadership
  • Seoul National University(Center for Social Sciences)


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Title Constitution, national agenda, and presidential leadership
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Focusing on a comparison between the articles on economy in the “national founding constitution” and the “post-Korean war constitution”

Material Type Reports
Publisher

[Seoul]:Seoul National University(Center for Social Sciences)

Date 2011
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Korean Social Sciences Review(KSSR):vol. 1(no. 1)
Pages 40
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Government and Law < General
Holding Seoul National University

Abstract

This paper analyzes the dynamism among Korea’s Constitution (institution), national agenda (economic reform), and leadership (president) by comparing the 1948 National Founding Constitution (NFC), which pursued an “equal economy” and a “market economy,” with the 1954 Post-Korean War Constitution (PKWC). First, under the condition of the postcolonial agenda on land reform, the NFC promoted a socialist market economy that stipulated strong involvement by the state in the economy or an equal economic system of social democracy and not a liberal market economy. This was in line with the republican tradition that had existed since the Korean Provisional Government. Second, through the active use of the NFC, the South Korean government and President Syngman Rhee (Yi Sŭngman) executed a policy of land reform—the biggest national agenda at the time—which led to the downfall of the radical left and had a decisive influence on the expansion of farmer support for the government.

User Note

Translated from the published article in Korean Journal of International Relations 48(1): 429-454, 2008 with permission from the Korean Association of International Relations.