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The rapid industrialization of Seoul City and its implications

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  • The rapid industrialization of Seoul City and its implications
  • Jeon, Ji Soo
  • Carnegie Mellon University


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Title The rapid industrialization of Seoul City and its implications
Similar Titles
Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Jeon, Ji Soo

Publisher

Pittsburgh:Carnegie Mellon University

Date 2011-03
Journal Title; Vol./Issue The Heinz Journal:vol. 8(no. 1)
Pages 9
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Economy < Economic Administration
Territorial Development
Holding Carnegie Mellon University

Abstract

For more than 600 years, Seoul has been the capital city of Korea. It was not until the 1970s, however, that the city became the modern, urbanized, intensely populated, and largely industrialized city that it is today. As Korea went through dynamic economic reforms and rapid industrialization during the 1960s under a military regime led by President Park Jung-he, Seoul became the virtual manufacturing center and heart of the nation’s industrialization and development process.1 As Seoul provided greater opportunities for employment, much of the rural population that had labored in the agricultural sector moved into the city. As a result, Seoul quickly became overpopulated and the focus of the Korean economy shifted from agriculture, forestry, and fishing based to a manufacturing and services based economy. (The rest omitted)