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The formation and historical changes of Ulsan in the twentieth century : Industrial city, company town, and workers’ city

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  • The formation and historical changes of Ulsan in the twentieth century
  • Yoo, Hyung-Geun
  • Seoul National University(Center for Social Sciences)


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Title The formation and historical changes of Ulsan in the twentieth century
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Sub Title

Industrial city, company town, and workers’ city

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Yoo, Hyung-Geun

Publisher

[Seoul]:Seoul National University(Center for Social Sciences)

Date 2014-04
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Korean Social Sciences Review(KSSR):vol. 4(no. 1)
Pages 28
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Territorial Development < National Land Development
Holding Seoul National University

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to highlight the formation and the historical changes of Ulsan in the twentieth century with “industrial city, company town and workers’ city” as its keywords. The modernized Ulsan began with the idea by Japanese businessmen during Japanese colonial rule in the late 1930s and it was selected as a planned “industrial” city in the Economic Development Plan by the military regime in the 1960s. Ulsan was developing as a newly emerged industrial city and a huge change occurred when the sizable investment from Hyundai Group began to flow in the 1970s. This provided an opportunity for the city to really look like an “industrial City” with the nickname of “Hyundai City.” However, the local community governance of Ulsan remained perfunctory. It was the worker’s fight and the consequential democratization of labor-management relations that brought the new regional governance. As a result, Ulsan was given a new identity, “Workers’ City.” (The rest omitted)

User Note

Translated from the article published in Society and History vol. 95 (2012), with permission from the Korean Social History Association.