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Labor utilization of migrants in urban Korea, 1970

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  • Labor utilization of migrants in urban Korea, 1970
  • Min, Kyong-Hee
  • Seoul National University(Population and Development Studies Center)


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Title Labor utilization of migrants in urban Korea, 1970
Similar Titles
Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Min, Kyong-Hee

Publisher

[Seoul]:Seoul National University(Population and Development Studies Center)

Date 1983
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Bulletin of the Population and Development Studies Center:vol. 12
Pages 20
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Employment
Holding Seoul National University

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine the labor force characteristics of urban migrants in relation to industrial structure in Korea in 1970. In the 1960s Korea experienced a very rapid urban growth. Urban population increased from 28 percent of the total population in 1960 to 41 percent of the total population in 1970. The annual growth of the urban population was almost three times that of the country as a whole (IPP, 1972 :78). Migration played an important role in this rapid urban growth. Net migration accounted for 49 percent of the urban population increase between 1960 and 1966 and for 73 percent of the urban population increase between 1966 and 1970 (Kwon et. al., 1975: 75-76). The rapid growth of urban population was accompanied by a rapid growth of the secondary industries. Among workers between the ages of 14 to 64, the proportion of employment in secondary industries increased from 8.9 to 19.1 percent for the nation as a whole and from 23.5 to 36.6 percent for the urban areas (Min, 1982: 165-169).