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Politics on the peninsula : Democratic consolidation and the political party system in South Korea

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  • Politics on the peninsula
  • Bailey, Daniel
  • The University of Auckland


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Title Politics on the peninsula
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Sub Title

Democratic consolidation and the political party system in South Korea

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Bailey, Daniel

Publisher

[Seoul]:The University of Auckland

Date 2010
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Graduate Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies:vol. 7(no. 10)
Pages 17
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Government and Law < Political Systems
Holding The University of Auckland

Abstract

Determining the extent of the consolidation of South Korea’s democratic system is a challenging task. The post-transition presidential elections seem to indicate there exist a fully democratic, constitutional system in place on the Korean peninsula. The volatile political party system, in contrast, suggests the opposite is true. Therefore, by utilizing a procedural definition of democratic consolidation, in which political structures play an important role, the article attempts to explain this apparent instability in the political party system by highlighting the following four variables: the importance of political personalities/individuals, the presence of political regionalism, plurality electoral systems, and the strong political influence of the United States. Based on this analysis, the article concludes that South Korea is missing a key component – a stable party system – in its overall political structure, and that party system stability must be made a priority before full democratic consolidation can occur.