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Compact city policies: Korea : Towards Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

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  • Compact city policies: Korea
  • OECD
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Title Compact city policies: Korea
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Towards Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

Material Type Reports
Author(English)

OECD

Publisher

[Paris]:OECD

Date 2014-11
Series Title; No OECD Green Growth Studies
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Territorial Development < National Land Development
Holding OECD

Abstract

Korea faces increasing challenges as a consequence of its unusually rapid
urbanisation. As Korea’s share of urban population doubled from 40.7% in 1975 to
81.9% in 2009, it also saw its real gross domestic product (GDP) increase sixteen-fold
over the same period. Meanwhile, Korean cities face economic disparities. The SeoulIncheon
Metropolitan Area (SMA) accounted for 45.4% of Korea’s national GDP in 2008
and SMA’s population holds 69.54% of national GDP while 90% of Korea’s 244
municipalities’ fiscal independent ratios fall below the national average of 51.5%.
The country’s shift toward smaller and ageing households, high energy consumption,
air pollution and water management require urgent attention. The ratio of single-person
households in Korea increased from 5% in 1980 to 24% in 2010 while the OECD average
increased from 22% to 29%. (The rest omitted)