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Explaining early welfare policies in South Korea : Focusing on the nexus between the state and the business sector

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  • Explaining early welfare policies in South Korea
  • Woo, Myung Sook
  • Seoul National University(Institute for Social Development and Policy Research, Center for Social Sciences)


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Title Explaining early welfare policies in South Korea
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Focusing on the nexus between the state and the business sector

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Woo, Myung Sook

Publisher

[Seoul]:Seoul National University(Institute for Social Development and Policy Research, Center for Social Sciences)

Date 2004-12
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Development and Society:vol. 33(no. 2)
Pages 22
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Social Welfare
Holding Seoul National University

Abstract

This study discusses conditions that contributed to creating the coordinated market economy in South Korea, and how that affected welfare policy development as industrialization of South Korea advanced. The study shows that the group-coordinated market economy such as the Japanese or the South Korean political economy would not have been possible without a distinctive role of the state in nurturing the coordinated market economy. In contrast to the industry-coordinated market economy of Europe, the group-coordinated market economy of South Korea had nothing to do with generous welfare state development. A weak union movement and conservative politics based upon the authoritarian state’'s alliance with big business did not contribute to welfare state development in South Korea. Instead, the state’'s success in establishing a coordinated market economy through nurturing big companies and cultivating cooperative labor mobilization encouraged the development of company-based social benefits. (The rest omitted)