콘텐츠 바로가기
로그인
컨텐츠

Category Open

Resources

tutorial

Collection of research papers and materials on development issues

home

Resources
Economy Trade
Social Development Employment

Print

Exports and employment in China, Indonesia, Japan and Korea

Related Document
Frame of Image
  • Exports and employment in China, Indonesia, Japan and Korea
  • Kiyota, Kozo
  • OECD


link
Title Exports and employment in China, Indonesia, Japan and Korea
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Kiyota, Kozo

Publisher

[Paris]:OECD

Date 2014-08
Series Title; No OECD Trade Policy Papers
Pages 39
Subject Country China(Asia and Pacific)
Indonesia(Asia and Pacific)
Japan(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Economy < Trade
Social Development < Employment
Holding OECD

Abstract

This paper examines the effects of exports on employment in China, Indonesia, Japan and Korea. It draws on input-output data for the period from 1995 to 2009 to estimate the effects on each industry's employment (i.e. direct effects) and on other industries' employment through intra-industry linkages (i.e. indirect effects). There are four major findings. First, at the aggregate level, the implied employment from exports increased in China, Japan and Korea. Second, at the industry level, exports and the shares of implied employment from exports increased in machinery-related industries such as Machinery (NEC), Electrical and Optical Equipment, and Transport Equipment in China, Indonesia and Korea. Third, although more than 80% of exports in the four study countries are from manufacturing industries, the employment effects are not limited to manufacturing industries. A significant number of workers in non-manufacturing industries depend upon manufacturing exports through vertical inter-industry linkages. (The rest omitted)