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Regional policy and national development in Korea

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  • Regional policy and national development in Korea
  • Kim, Soon Eun
  • Seoul National University(Graduate School of Public Administration)


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Title Regional policy and national development in Korea
Similar Titles
Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Kim, Soon Eun

Publisher

[Seoul]:Seoul National University(Graduate School of Public Administration)

Date 2014
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Korean Journal of Policy Studies:vol. 29(no. 1)
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Original Format pdf
Subject Territorial Development < National Land Development
Holding Seoul National University

Abstract

This paper analyzes regional and decentralization policy in Korea since 1970s. Each administration in the last 40 years has taken a distinctive approach to regional and decentralizaton policy. The 1970s and 1980s featured a highly centralized system that local administrations contributed to by following central directives and mandates, and the policies that emerged as a result of the Saemaeul movement were important in addressing rural poverty under the Park administration. During the 1990s under the Kim Young-sam and the Kim Daejung administrations, regional policy amounted to regional even-development, and decentralization policy came to underpin regional policy. The Noh administration was the most active in developing simultaneous regional even-development and decentralization policies. The Lee administration changed the equity-oriented direction of the regional policy pursued by the Noh administration to an efficiency-oriented one. (The rest omitted)