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Market structure and international trade : Business groups in East Asia

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  • Market structure and international trade
  • Feenstra, Robert C.; Yang, Tzu-Han; Hamilton, Gary G.
  • National Bureau of Economic Research


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Title Market structure and international trade
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Business groups in East Asia

Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Feenstra, Robert C.; Yang, Tzu-Han; Hamilton, Gary G.

Publisher

Cambridge:National Bureau of Economic Research

Date 2015
Series Title; No NBER Working Paper Series / 4536
Pages 44
Subject Country Eastern Asia(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Original Format pdf
Subject Economy < Trade
Holding National Bureau of Economic Research

Abstract

In this paper we study the effect of market structure on the trade performance of South Korea, Taiwan, and Japan. We center our analysis on Korea and Taiwan, countries which have very different market structures: Korea has many large, vertically-integrated business groups known as chaebol, whereas business groups in Taiwan are smaller and horizontally-integrated in the production of intermediate inputs. The exports of these countries to the United States are compared using indexes of product variety and 'product mix', which are constructed at the 5-digit industry level. It is found that Taiwan tends to export a greater variety of products to the U.S. than Korea, and this holds across nearly all industries. In addition, Taiwan exports relatively more high-priced intermediate inputs, whereas Korea exports relatively more high-priced final goods. We argue that these results confirm the importance of market structure as a determinant of trade patterns.