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From "power to the people" to "civil empowerment"

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  • From "power to the people" to "civil empowerment"
  • Cho, Mun Young
  • East-West Center


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Title From "power to the people" to "civil empowerment"
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Cho, Mun Young

Publisher

Honolulu:East-West Center

Date 2005
Series Title; No East-West Center Working Papers/ International Graduate Student Conference Series / 13
Pages 12
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Government and Law < Political Development
Holding East-West Center

Abstract

This paper examines how grassroots movements for the urban poor in South Korea have been transformed in the context of neoliberalism. It is based on fieldwork (September 1999 – April 2001) in Nangok, which was one of the most well-known shantytowns in Seoul. How and why have grassroots groups came to abandon their dream of “Power to the People” and reconciled themselves with their antagonistic counterparts such as the state and welfare bodies? “The making of neoliberal governmentality,” i.e., the process in which grassroots movements for the urban poor have reconfigured the movements’ relationship with the state and the poor while embodying and contesting the technologies of neoliberal government, is examined through the fluctuating relationship between “welfare” and the movement. Neoliberal technologies include the extension of market rationality, the emphasis of responsible autonomy and empowerment, and the relocation of the “will to govern” of the state which Foucaultian studies have generally indicated. (The rest omitted)