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Environmental policy and environmental fiscal reform of South Korea : Comparative study to those of Japan

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  • Environmental policy and environmental fiscal reform of South Korea


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Title Environmental policy and environmental fiscal reform of South Korea
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Sub Title

Comparative study to those of Japan

Material Type Articles
Publisher

[Surrey]:

Date 2010
Pages 39
Subject Country Japan(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Original Format pdf
Subject Economy < Economic Administration
Territorial Development < Environment
Holding WebMeets.com

Abstract

This paper aims to suggest the way of environmental fiscal reform and environmental governance for the sustainable development in South Korea and Japan. Environmental policies and fiscal reform are important not only for a nation's green budgeting, but also for realizing "Sustainability". Main findings are as follows. This research analyzed time series data on the diversified revenue sources and expenditures in the government fiscal system. New resources for the environmental protection and effective use of resources should be examined, based on the polluters-pay, users-pay principle, and decentralization of fiscal system. It is also necessary to evaluate the role of environmental fiscal system by collecting data on environment-related budgets scattered in the central and local governments. Greater needs exist for restructuring the environmental governance that encourages wide, intergovernmental coordination and, also, for constructing a new governance framework for environmental policies that encourages the interactions between local and central governments.