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Land reform, inequality, and corruption : A comparative historical study of Korea, Taiwan, and the Philippines

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  • Land reform, inequality, and corruption
  • You, Jong-sung
  • The Korean Association of International Studies


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Title Land reform, inequality, and corruption
Similar Titles
Sub Title

A comparative historical study of Korea, Taiwan, and the Philippines

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

You, Jong-sung

Publisher

[Seoul]:The Korean Association of International Studies

Date 2014-06
Journal Title; Vol./Issue The Korean Journal of International Studies:vol. 12-1
Pages 34
Subject Country Philippines(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Taiwan(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Original Format pdf
Subject Industry and Technology < Agriculture
Social Development < General
Government and Law < Political Science
Holding The Korean Association of International Studies

Abstract

This article explores how inequality increases corruption via electoral clientelism, bureaucratic patronage, and elite capture of policy process through a comparative historical analysis of South Korea, Taiwan, and the Philippines that shared similar conditions at the time of independence. It finds that success and failure of land reform, which was little affected by corruption but largely determined by exogenous factors such as external communist threats and U.S. pressures for reform, produced different levels of inequality, which in turn influenced subsequent levels of corruption through capture and clientelism. In the Philippines, failed land reform maintained high inequality and domination of the landed elite in both politics and economy, which led to persistent political clientelism, increasing patronage in bureaucracy, and policy capture by the powerful elite. (The rest omitted)