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Fertility and son preference in Korea

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  • Fertility and son preference in Korea
  • LARSEN, ULLA; CHING, WOOJIN; GUPTA, MONICA DAS
  • Taylor & Francis Group


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Title Fertility and son preference in Korea
Similar Titles
Material Type Articles
Author(English)

LARSEN, ULLA; CHING, WOOJIN; GUPTA, MONICA DAS

Publisher

[Abingdon]:Taylor & Francis Group

Date 1998
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Population Studie:vol. 52
Pages 9
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Original Format pdf
Subject Social Development < Population
Holding World Bank

Abstract

In Korea, total fertility declined from 6.0 in 1960 to 1.6 in 1990, in spite of a strong preference for male offspring. This paper addresses the notion that son preference hinders fertility decline, and examines the effects of patriarchal relations and modernization on fertility using the 1991 Korea National Fertility and Family Health Survey. It was found that women who have a son are less likely to have another child, and that women with a son who do progress to have another child, take longer to conceive the subsequent child. This pattern prevailed for women of parity one, two, and three, and became more pronounced with higher parity. A multivariate analysis showed that preference for male offspring, patriarchy, and modernization are all strong predictors of second, third, and fourth conceptions.