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The pitfalls of an inward-oriented economy : lessons from the evolution of Brazil and the Republic of Korea

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  • The pitfalls of an inward-oriented economy
  • Hannigan, Thomas J.; Lee, Ahreum; Mudambi, Ram
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development


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Title The pitfalls of an inward-oriented economy
Similar Titles
Sub Title

lessons from the evolution of Brazil and the Republic of Korea

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Hannigan, Thomas J.; Lee, Ahreum; Mudambi, Ram

Publisher

Geneva:United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

Date 2015-11
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Transnational Corporations:vol. 22(no. 2)
ISBN 978-92-1-057191-3
Pages 100
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Economy < Economic Administration
Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Social Development
Government and Law < Public Administration
Holding UNCTAD

Abstract

Through the early 1980s, the Republic of Korea had lower per capita income than Brazil. However, in the ensuing decade and a half, the economy of the Republic of Korea grew rapidly and by 1996, the country was admitted to the OECD. In contrast, Brazil failed to make significant progress, becoming stuck in a so-called “middle-income trap”. In this paper we present a comparative analysis of the economies of the Republic of Korea and Brazil and draw some general lessons for successful catchup strategies and economic development policy. We identify three key factors underpinning the Republic of Korea’s successful catch-up: 1) well planned and consistent government policy; 2) technological specialization; and 3) the nurturing of corporate champions. The economic development process is enormously complex and what works for one economy may not work for another due to contextual differences. (The rest omitted)