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Where do high growth political economies come from? the Japanese lineage of Korea’s “Developmental State”

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  • Where do high growth political economies come from? the Japanese lineage of Korea’s “Developmental State”
  • Kohli, Atul
  • Elsevier Science Ltd.


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Title Where do high growth political economies come from? the Japanese lineage of Korea’s “Developmental State”
Similar Titles
Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Kohli, Atul

Publisher

[Amsterdam]:Elsevier Science Ltd.

Date 1994
Journal Title; Vol./Issue World Developpment:vol. 22(no. 9)
Pages 25
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Original Format pdf
Subject Economy < Trade
Economy < Economic Conditions
Industry and Technology < Manufacturing
Holding Harvard University

Abstract

While many scholars have sought to analyze South Korea’s economic success, not enough attention has been paid to the impact of Japanese colonialism. Japanese colonial influence on Korea in 1905-45, while brutal and humiliating, was also decisive in shaping a political economy that later evolved into the high-growth South Korean path to development. More specifically, three state society characteristics that we now readily associate as elements of the South Korean “model” originated during the colonial period: Korean state under the Japanese influence was transformed from a relatively corrupt and ineffective social institution into a highly authoritarian, penetrating organization, capable of simultaneously controlling and transforming Korean society; production-oriented alliances involving the state and dominant classes evolved, leading up to considerable expansion of manufacturing, including “exports;” and the lower classes in both the city and the countryside came to be systematically controlled by the state and dominant classes. (The rest omitted)