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Two paths of Korea’s clustering : Centralized de-concentration and regionalized concentration

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  • Two paths of Korea’s clustering
  • Lee, Shi-Chul
  • World Technopolis Association


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Title Two paths of Korea’s clustering
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Sub Title

Centralized de-concentration and regionalized concentration

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Lee, Shi-Chul

Publisher

[Daejeon]:World Technopolis Association

Date 2012
Journal Title; Vol./Issue World Technopolis Association:no. 2
Pages 12
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < General
Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Territorial Development < National Land Development
Holding World Technopolis Association

Abstract

This paper presents, from a broad perspective, the manner in which various types of clusters and options for regional development have evolved in Korea over the past decade, with particular emphasis on who have taken initiative in establishing the clusters. Characterized by not only progress but also setbacks, two distinctive patterns have emerged: centralized de-concentration and regionalized concentration. Both the Korean government and numerous localities have continuously extended efforts to create different clusters, technology parks, special districts, etc. In many cases, local or regional governments have competed intensely for clusters to be located in their jurisdictions; in particular, concerted efforts to convince national governments to set up special districts have been witnessed. On the other hand, major localities have made their own efforts to generate large- and small-scale clustering projects. It remains to be seen how different outcomes or effectiveness these two approaches will make in the future. (The rest omitted)