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Government and Law Political Science

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Election democracy, populism, and generational politics : The case of the April 15, 2004 general election in South Korea

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  • Election democracy, populism, and generational politics
  • Shin, Eui Hang
  • unknown


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Title Election democracy, populism, and generational politics
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Sub Title

The case of the April 15, 2004 general election in South Korea

Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Shin, Eui Hang

Publisher

[unknown]:unknown

Date 2005
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Government and Law < Political Systems
Government and Law < Political Science
Holding unknown

Abstract

The primary purpose of this paper is to investigate the factors that influenced the results of the April 15, 2004 general election in South Korea. A backlash after the impeachment of President Roh Moo Hyun by a coalition of opposition parties in the National Assembly (NA) was the single most important factor that determined the election outcomes. Generational and regional differences in the parties voters supported and the "defeat movement" of citizens' organizations also had significant effects on the election processes. For the first time since the early 1960s a progressive party won a majority of the NA seats. Thirty-nine women members will serve in the 17th NA, the largest number ever, and the left-wing Democratic Labor Party became the third largest party by receiving 13 percent of the proportional representation votes. Generational and ideological shifts in the power elites seem to be evident in the election results.