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Civil society and local activism in South Korea's local democratization

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  • Civil society and local activism in South Korea's local democratization
  • Bae, Yooil; Kim, Sunhyuk
  • Singapore Management University


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Title Civil society and local activism in South Korea's local democratization
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Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Bae, Yooil; Kim, Sunhyuk

Publisher

[Singapore]:Singapore Management University

Date 2012
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Government and Law < Political Development
Holding Singapore Management University

Abstract

Recent studies on causes of intergovernmental transformation in old and new democracies have found that decentralization is often the outcome of negotiations between national and local political interests. South Korea is commonly believed to be an exception because local elections and institutions introduced in the early 1990s were, by and large, the product of negotiations among political elites at the centre, without significant inclusion of local actors. However, this paper attempts to explicate a hitherto ignored aspect of decentralization reform in Korea: the role of civil society and local activism in the politics of decentralization. In the 2000s, several ‘triggering events’ such as economic instability, democratic consolidation, emergence of civilian leaders, and the growth of civil society provided a strong momentum for the decentralization movement. (The rest omitted)