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Education fever and the East Asian fertility puzzle : A case study of low fertility in South Korea

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  • Education fever and the East Asian fertility puzzle
  • Anderson, Thomas M; Kohler, Hans-Peter
  • Population studies center, University of Pennsylvania


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Title Education fever and the East Asian fertility puzzle
Similar Titles
Sub Title

A case study of low fertility in South Korea

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Anderson, Thomas M; Kohler, Hans-Peter

Publisher

[Philadelphia]:Population studies center, University of Pennsylvania

Date 2012-10
Series Title; No PSC Working Paper Series / 12-07
Pages 27
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Population
Social Development < Education
Holding Scolarlycommons, University of Pennsylvania

Abstract

Fertility throughout East Asia has fallen rapidly over the last five decades and is now below the replacement rate of 2.1 in every country in the region. While similar but less extreme declines occurred throughout Europe during this same period, the declines to lowest-low fertility during the 1990s have been reversed in the last ten years as the pace of tempo changes (i.e., the postponement of childbearing) has slowed. Recent literature has shown that many European countries have in fact also experienced increases in cohort fertility. No such widespread fertility reversal has occurred in East Asia, where family size (i.e., cohort fertility) continues to decline. In this paper we seek to explain the precipitous (and in some cases, continual) fertility declines in East Asia. Using South Korea as a case study, we argue that East Asia’s ultra-low fertility rates can be partially explained by the steadfast parental drive to have competitive and successful children. (The rest omitted)