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A statist political economy and high demand for education in South Korea

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  • A statist political economy and high demand for education in South Korea
  • Kim, Ki Su
  • Education Policy Analysis Archives


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Title A statist political economy and high demand for education in South Korea
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Kim, Ki Su

Publisher

[Tempe]:Education Policy Analysis Archives

Date 1999-06
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Economy < Economic Administration
Social Development < Education
Holding Education Policy Analysis Archives

Abstract

In the 1998 academic year, 84 percent of South Korea's high school "leavers" entered a university or college while almost all children went up to high schools. This is to say, South Korea is now moving into a new age of universal higher education. Even so, competition for university entrance remains intense. What is here interesting is South Koreans' unusually high demand for education. In this article, I criticize the existing cultural and socio-economic interpretations of the phenomenon. Instead, I explore a new interpretation by critically referring to the recent political economy debate on South Korea's state-society/market relationship. In my interpretation, the unusually high demand for education is largely due to the powerful South Korean state's losing flexibility in the management of its "developmental" policies. (The rest omitted)