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Roles of Saemaul Undong in reforestation and NGO activities for sustainable forest management in Korea

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  • Roles of Saemaul Undong in reforestation and NGO activities for sustainable forest management in Korea
  • Lee, Don Koo; Lee, Yong Kwon
  • International Union of Forest Research Organizations


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Title Roles of Saemaul Undong in reforestation and NGO activities for sustainable forest management in Korea
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Lee, Don Koo; Lee, Yong Kwon

Publisher

[Austria]:International Union of Forest Research Organizations

Date 2005
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Journal of Sustainable Forestry:vol. 20(no. 4)
Pages 13
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Territorial Development < Environment
Holding IUFRO

Abstract

The forests in Korea cover 6.4 million ha, which is about 65 percent of the total land area. However, forest resources were severely exploited during the Japanese occupation in World War II and the Korean War due to illegal cutting and shifting cultivation. A substantial amount of fuelwood was required for heating and cooking in the 1950s and 1960s. Due to the great demand for fuel energy, the Korea Government established 643,000ha with fast-growing trees such as Pinus rigida, Robinia pseudo-acacia, Alnus species, and Quercus acutissima. Also, the Government initiated the first 10-year Forest Development Plan for Rehabilitation and Restoration in 1973. As a result, the growing stock is 60.3m3/ha as of 2000. Successful reforestation of degraded forest areas not only resulted in the massive implementation of forest plans but also led to the new community movement called “Saemaul Undong (SU)” (The rest omitted).