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Formation and development of the welfare state in the Republic of Korea : Process of reform of the public assistance system

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  • Formation and development of the welfare state in the Republic of Korea
  • Kim Jo-Seol
  • Institute of Developing Economies Japan External Trade Organization


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Title Formation and development of the welfare state in the Republic of Korea
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Process of reform of the public assistance system

Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Kim Jo-Seol

Publisher

[Chiba]:Institute of Developing Economies Japan External Trade Organization

Date 2004-06
Journal Title; Vol./Issue The developing Economies:Vol. 42(No. 2)
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Social Welfare
Government and Law < Public Administration
Holding IDE-JETRO

Abstract

The legal framework for social security in the Republic of Korea began to be formed in the early 1960s (the first period) and further progress was made during the process of democratization in the 1980s (the second period). However, it remained a "top-down" residual system, preserving conservative elements. With the constitutional lawsuit over the right to life in 1994 as a turning point, however, there was a major shift to a universal system, supported by "bottom-up" efforts through petitions to the National Assembly and legislation by Assembly members. The led to the enactment of the Framework Act on Social Security (1995), the National Basic Livelihood Security Act (1999) and other measures (the third period). This paper attempts to analyze the Korean-style welfare state by tracking these institutional changes as well as the main actors.