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Associational networks and welfare states in Argentina, Brazil, South Korea, and Taiwan

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  • Associational networks and welfare states in Argentina, Brazil, South Korea, and Taiwan
  • Lee, Cheol-Sung
  • University of Chicago


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Title Associational networks and welfare states in Argentina, Brazil, South Korea, and Taiwan
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Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Lee, Cheol-Sung

Publisher

Chicago:University of Chicago

Date 2011-11
Series Title; No World Politics
Subject Country Argentina(Americas)
Brazil(Americas)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Taiwan(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Government and Law < Political Systems
Government and Law < Public Administration
Holding University of Chicago

Abstract

This study investigates the structures of civic networks and their roles in steering the political choices of party and union elites regarding the retrenchment or expansion of welfare states in four recently democratized developing countries. Utilizing co-affiliation networks built upon two waves of World Values Surveys and evidence from comparative case studies for Argentina, Brazil, South Korea, and Taiwan, the study develops two explanatory factors that account for variations in welfare politics: cohesiveness and embeddedness. In Argentina and, to a lesser degree in Taiwan, party and union leaders‟ cohesive relationships, being disarticulated from the informal civic sphere, allowed them to conduct elite-driven social policy reforms from above, by launching radical neo-liberal reforms (Argentina) or by developing a generous transfer-centered welfare state (Taiwan). (The rest omitted)